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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 39(4); 2018 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2018;39(4): 93-105.
doi: https://doi.org/10.5723/kjcs.2018.39.4.93
아동기에서 초기 청소년기로의 전환기 동안 사회적 위축 발달궤적에 미치는 부모의 과잉간섭의 영향과 또래유능성의 동시 및 지연효과
김윤경 , 박주희
연세대학교 아동가족학과
Developmental Trajectories of Social Withdrawal in the Transition from Childhood to Early Adolescence: The Effects of Intrusive Parenting and Peer Competence
Yoon Kyung Kim , Ju Hee Park
Department of Child & Family Studies, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence :  Ju Hee Park ,Email: juheepark@yonsei.ac.kr
Received: April 30, 2018  Revised: June 22, 2018   Accepted: August 3, 2018

The purpose of this study was to examine the developmental trajectories of social withdrawal in the transition from childhood to early adolescence and to predict the effects of intrusive parenting and peer competence on the trajectories of social withdrawal.
Participants were 2,119 children from the Korean Children & Youth Panel Survey [KCYPS]. Data from the 4th and 6th grade in elementary school, and from 7th grade (1st grade in middle school) were used to analyze the developmental trajectory of social withdrawal. Intrusive parenting (4th grade) and peer competence (4th, 6th, and 7th grades) were included as predictors.
First, the social withdrawal increased during the transition from childhood to early adolescence. Additionally, the higher the intercept of social withdrawal, the more slowly social withdrawal increased. Second, the intercept of social withdrawal was found to be higher when social withdrawal (3rd grade) was higher, being higher in girls than in boys, and intrusive parenting was higher. The level of intrusive parenting had a negative influence on the slope of withdrawal. Third, peer competence reduced social withdrawal at that time, and peer competence of the previous period was shown to have a negative effect on the social withdrawal of the later period.
The results suggested that early interventions are needed to prevent social withdrawal during the transition from childhood to early adolescence. As also suggested, parents should encourage their child's independence from early childhood, for it is necessary in helping them learn peer interaction skills to reduce social withdrawal.
Key Words: social withdrawal, developmental trajectory, latent growth model, intrusive parenting, peer competence
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