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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 39(4); 2018 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2018;39(4): 55-65.
doi: https://doi.org/10.5723/kjcs.2018.39.4.55
경제적 박탈이 청소년의 행복감에 미치는 영향: 가족갈등과 청소년의 우울/불안의 매개효과
한세영 , 한아름
이화여자대학교 아동학과
The Effect of Economic Deprivation on Adolescents’ Happiness: The Mediating Effects of Family Conflict and Adolescents’ Depression and Anxiety
Sae-Young Han , Ah-Reum Han
Department of Child Development & Intervention, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence :  Ah-Reum Han ,Email: arumi0701@naver.com
Received: April 30, 2018  Revised: June 24, 2018   Accepted: August 2, 2018
Abstract

Objective:
The main purpose of this study was to examine the effects of economic deprivation on adolescents’ happiness and the mediating effects of family conflict on adolescents’ depression and anxiety.
Methods:
Data from the 7th wave of Korea Welfare Panel Study (KWPS) and child supplementary study were used. A total of 512 adolescents and their households were included. Data were analyzed by path analysis using AMOS 21.0.
Results:
First, economic deprivation were positively related to family conflict, and family conflict was positively related to adolescents’ depression and anxiety, whereas economic deprivation, family conflict and adolescents’ depression/anxiety were negatively associated with adolescents’ happiness. Second, economic deprivation had a direct effect on adolescents’ happiness. Third, family conflict played a mediating role in the relationship between economic deprivation and adolescents’ happiness. Finally, both family conflict and adolescents’ depression/anxiety played a mediating role in the relationship between economic deprivation and adolescents’ happiness.
Conclusion:
Results of this study indicate that economic deprivation, family conflict, and adolescents’ depression/anxiety are important factors lowering adolescents’ happiness. These findings also suggest that for promoting adolescents’ happiness, it is necessary to provide not only support policies focusing on economic deprivation but also intervention programs to strengthen relationships within family members and prevent adolescents’ depression/anxiety, creating a happier life for them.
Key Words: economic deprivation, family conflict, depression/anxiety, happiness, adolescent
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