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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 39(4); 2018 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2018;39(4): 139-152.
doi: https://doi.org/10.5723/kjcs.2018.39.4.139
어머니 문지기행동 척도 개발 및 타당화 연구
이영환 , 한지현
전북대학교 아동학과
A Development and Validation Study of Maternal Gatekeeping Scale
Young Hwan Yee , Jihyeon Han
Department of Child Studies, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea
Correspondence :  Jihyeon Han ,Email: narahan1217@hanmail.net
Received: July 2, 2018  Revised: August 3, 2018   Accepted: August 10, 2018
Abstract

Objective:
The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a scale of maternal gatekeeping based on the conceptual model by Puhlman and Pasley (2013). We alslo aimed to classify eight types based on three dimensionss (=control, encouragement, and discouragement) of maternal gatekeeping and characterized each type.
Methods:
Subjects were 200 mothers with their first child under three years of age. The Korean Maternal Gatekeeping Scale (KMG) was modified and developed according to the current situation in Korea based on previous research on this scale (Fagan & Barnet, 2003; Puhlman, 2013; Van Egeren & Hawkins, 2004). The analyses assessed content validity, reliability, factorial validity, construct validity, and criterion validity.
Results:
First, we developed and tested a new measure to assess the three dimensions of maternal gatekeeping as outlined by Puhlman and Pasley (2013), determining that the scale showed valid and reliable measures. Second, we classified eight types based on the three dimensions of maternal gatekeeping behavior: type 1 (high control, low encouragement, high discouragement) was the most frequent, while type 7 (low control, high encouragement, high discouragement) was the least frequent. Third, according to the types of maternal gatekeeping, there were differences in co-parenting and parenting stress. Type 3 and 4 showed high co-parenting solidarity, co-parenting support, and shared parenting, type 5 and 7 presented high parenting stress.
Conclusion:
This study was significant in that it developed a Korean mothers' gatekeeping behavior scale based on three dimensions, classifying eight types of maternal gatekeeping behaviors.
Key Words: maternal gatekeeping, types of maternal gatekeepers, co-parenting
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