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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 39(4); 2018 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2018;39(4): 13-22.
doi: https://doi.org/10.5723/kjcs.2018.39.4.13
스마트폰 이용이 유아의 학교준비도에 미치는 영향 : 자기통제의 매개효과
조윤주
총신대학교 아동학과
Impact of Young Children's Smartphone Use and the Mediating Effects of Self-control on School Readiness
Yoonju Cho
Department of Child Studies, Chongshin University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence :  Yoonju Cho ,Email: yjcho4@korea.ac.kr
Received: April 23, 2018  Revised: July 23, 2018   Accepted: July 30, 2018
Abstract

Objective:
This study was conducted to investigate the mediating effects of self-control in the relationship between preschooler's smartphone use and school readiness.
Methods:
Data from the 7th wave of the Panel Study on Korean Children(N = 1,078). Mediating effect was analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling with Bootstrapping method utilizing SPSS 21.0 and AMOS 20.0.
Results:
Results showed that increased smartphone use has affected school readiness concerning social and emotional development, communication, approach to learning and cognitive development and general knowledge through self-control.
Conclusion:
This indicates that while smartphone use itself does not directly affect school readiness, it seems to impede developing self-control; consequently, as self-control weakens, certain developmental domains for readiness to school may be hindered. This confirms that self-control plays an important mediating role between smartphone use and school readiness. Theoretical and practical implications, as well as limitations, are discussed.
Key Words: smartphone use, self-control, school readiness, mediating effects, bootstrapping method
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