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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 39(4); 2018 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2018;39(4): 1-11.
doi: https://doi.org/10.5723/kjcs.2018.39.4.1
유아의 신체상에 관한 연구: 4, 5세 유아의 신체인식에 영향을 미치는 요인
최인숙1 , 임지수2
1원광대학교 가정아동복지학과
A Study of Body Image in Young Children: Factors Relating to Body Perception in 4-5 Year Old Children
Insuk Choi1 , Jisoo Im2
1Department of Family and Child Welfare, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea
2Suwon Court Child Care Center, Suwon, Korea
Correspondence :  Insuk Choi ,Email: aneschoi01@wku.ac.kr
Received: March 31, 2018  Revised: June 15, 2018   Accepted: July 30, 2018
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the factors relating to body perception in Korean preschool children.
Participants of this study were obtained from the first year of a short-term longitudinal study conducted in 2016, comprising 97 preschool children(M = 61.8 months) and their mothers. To investigate the factors relating to children's body perception, we analyzed their individual characteristics, maternal factors, and media exposure. Data were analyzed by correlation and hierarchical regression.
Children with higher media experience showed higher negative body perception. Mothers of children with higher body mass index (BMI) gave more verbal messages on child's weight reduction. Controlling for sociodemographic variables, children's BMI was negatively associated with negative body perception, while mothers' verbal messages on weight reduction was positively associated with negative body perception. Mothers' verbal messages were a more influential factor than children's BMI.
The findings suggest that children's BMI, mothers' verbal messages regarding children’s body as well as a mothers’ education level and family income level are influential factors in preschool children’s body perception.
Key Words: preschool children's body image, body perception, maternal factors, sociocultural factors
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