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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 35(4); 2014 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2014;35(4): 61-78.
doi: https://doi.org/10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.4.61
아동의 부정적 정서표현에 대한 어머니 반응과 아동의 정서지능 간 관계: 성별에 따른 탄력성의 매개효과
오지현
The Mediating Effects of Children`s Resilience by Gender on the Relationships between Mother`s Reactions to Children`s Negative Emotions and Children`s Emotional Intelligence
Ji Hyun Oh
Abstract
The study examined the pathways from maternal reactions to children`s negative emotions to children`s emotion intelligence through children`s resilience by gender. The participants in this study comprised 413 elementary school 4th-6th graders (of which 214 were boys, and 199 were girls). They completed questionnaires on maternal reactions to children`s negative emotions, children`s resilience and levels of children`s emotional intelligence. Data were analyzed by means of T-test and structural equation modeling. In the case of the male group, it was found that maternal emotion coaching, when done indirectly, but not directly, had an influence on their levels of emotional intelligence. On the other hand, in the case of the female group, it was found that emotion coaching, when done indirectly, as well as directly, had an influence on their levels of emotional intelligence. Therefore, these results indicate that children`s resilience mediated the effects of maternal emotion coaching on emotional intelligence. It also found that there are distinct pathways from maternal reactions to children`s negative emotions to emotion intelligence through resilience by gender.
Key Words: mother`s reactions to children`s negative emotions, emotional intelligence, resilience
주요어: 아동의 부정적 정서표현에 대한 어머니 반응, 정서지능, 탄력성
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