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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 34(2); 2013 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2013;34(2): 101-119.
doi: https://doi.org/10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.2.101
유아의 기질과 어머니의 양육효능감이 양육행동에 미치는 영향
김민정 , 도현심 , 신나나 , 최미경
The Effec1S of Preschoolers` Temperament and Parenting Sense of Competence on Mothers` Parenting Behavior
Min Jung Kim , Hyun Sim Doh , Na Na Shin , Mi Kyung Choi
Abstract
This study examined the re1ati0l1ship among Preschoolers` temperament, parenting sense of competence, and mothers` parenting behavior. It also examined the mediating effects of parenting sense of competence on the relationship between preschoolers` temperament and mothers` parenting behavior. A total of 155 mothers with preschoolers aged 3 to 4, 83 boys and 72 girls, living in Seoul, participated in this study. The mothers completed questionnaires designed to measure preschoolers` temperament, parenting sense of competence, and mothers, parenting behavior. The results indicated that preschoolers` temperament and mothers` parenting sense of competence were significantly related to warmth/acceptance and rejection/restriction. Additionally, preschools` temperament was significantly related to parental efficacy and dissatisfaction. Furthermore, parenting sense of competence mediated the relationship between preschoolers` temperament and mothers` parenting behavior. In particular, it was found that parental efficacy fully mediated the relationship between preschoolers` activity level and mothers` rejection/restriction. These findings imply that improving mothers` parenting sense of competence needs to be emphasized in designing prevention and intervention programs aimed at enhancing mothers` positive parenting behavior.
Key Words: preschoolers` temperament, Parenting sense of competence, mothers` parenting behavior
주요어: 유아의 기질, 양육효능감, 어머니의 양육행동
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